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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 183   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES CAL

DEATH. DIED: will probated on June 27, 1676. PER-
SONAL PROPERTY: TEV, 15,884 pounds of tobacco
(including 3 servants); FB, 1,103 pounds of to-
bacco. LAND: 750 acres.

CADWALADER (CADWALLADER), JOHN

(1741/42-1786). BORN: on January 10, 1741/42, in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; elder son. NATIVE: at
least second generation in Pennsylvania. RESIDED.
maintained a residence in Philadelphia until at
least 1770; maintained a residence in Talbot
County where his wife's relatives lived; Kent

County. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Dr.

Thomas Cadwalader (ca. 1707-1799), of Pennsyl-
vania; educated abroad; lay preacher; studied with
John Jones in Philadelphia. MOTHER: Hannah,
daughter of Thomas Lambert, Jr. BROTHER: Lam-
bert (1743-1823). SISTER: Mary, who married Phi-
lemon Dickinson. MARRIED first, in October 1768
Elizabeth (Betsy) (1742-?), daughter of Edward
Lloyd (1711-1770); granddaughter of both Ed-
ward Lloyd (1670-1718/19) and John Rousby
(1685-1744); stepgranddaughter of James Holly-
day (1696-1747); niece of Richard Lloyd (1717-
1786), Elizabeth Rousby, who married Abraham
Barnes (?-ca. 1778), and Gertrude Rousby, who
married Robert Jenkins Henry (ca. 1712-1766).
Her brothers were Edward Lloyd (1744-1796);
Richard Bennett (1750-1787). Her sister was Hen-
rietta Maria (1746/47-?). Her first cousins were
James Lloyd (1745-1 820); John Barnes (ca. 1743-
1800); Richard Barnes (?-1804); and Elizabeth
Rousby, who married George Plater (1735-1792).
MARRIED second, in 1779 Williamina, daughter of
Dr. Phineas Bond, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
one of the founders of the College of Philadelphia
(later the University of Pennsylvania) and wife
Williamina Moore. Her brother was Phineas Bond
(1749-1815), lawyer, and British consul from 1786
to 1813 in Philadelphia. CHILDREN. SONS: Thomas
(1779-1841), lawyer, brigadier general in 1814;
John. DAUGHTERS: Maria (?-1810), who married
Samuel Ringgold (?-1829); Elizabeth; Ann; and
Fanny, who married first, David Montague, and
second, Lord Erskine. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCA-
TION: attended the University of Pennsylvania in
1757. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, Shrews-
bury Parish, Kent County. SOCIAL STATUS AND
ACTIVITIES: Gent., 1770; Esq., 1772. OCCUPA-
TIONAL PROFILE: merchant, in business with his
brother, Lambert; planter; landlord. PUBLIC CA-
REER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, Kent
County, 1777-1778 (elected, but did not attend;
resigned on March 1, 1778), 1780 (elected to the
2nd session of the 1779-1780 Assembly to fill va-

cancy), 1780-1781, 1781-1782 (Manufactories 1),
1782-1783, 1784; Senate, Eastern Shore, Term of
1781-1786: 1783 (elected on November 24, 1783,
to fill vacancy; declined to serve on November 26,
1783). LOCAL OFFICE: Committee of Correspon-
dence, Queen Anne's County, 1774. MILITARY
SERVICE: captain, Silk Stocking Company, Phila-
delphia Militia, before the Revolution; colonel,
regiment of the Pennsylvania Militia, 1776; briga-
dier general, Continental Army, February 1777
(declined); brigadier general, Pennsylvania Militia,
April 1777-to close of the war; brigadier general,
Continental Army and commander of the cavalry
in the service of the U.S., 1778 (declined). ADDI-
TIONAL COMMENTS: Cadwalader cooperated with
Gen. George Washington in the capture of the
Hessians at Trenton in 1776. He was present as a
volunteer at the Battles of Brandywine and Ger-
mantown in 1777, and the Battle of Monmouth in
1778. At Washington's request, he assisted in the
organization of the militia on Maryland's Eastern
Shore in 1777. In 1778 Cadwalader fought a duel
with Thomas Conway, a leader of a group of men,
both in and out of Congress, who sought the re-
moval of George Washington as commander in
chief. OUT OF STATE SERVICE: Philadelphia Com-
mittee of Safety, elected ca. 1775; Orphans' Court,
Philadelphia; Provincial Congress, Philadelphia;
trustee, University of Pennsylvania, 1779-1786.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROP-
ERTY, assessed value £4,236.0.0, including 102
slaves and 312 oz. plate, 1783. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: 4,1 19 acres in Queen Anne's, Kent, and
Talbot counties (3,909 acres devised to wife
Elizabeth; 87 acres wife's dower; 123 acres by pur-
chase from his father-in-law Edward Lloyd (1711-
1770). WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: on February 11,
1786, in Shrewsbury Parish, Kent County. PER-
SONAL PROPERTY TEV, £5,883.12.6 current
money (including at least 100 household and quar-
ter slaves, 101 books, 492 oz. plate, 1 sailboat, and
1 skiff); FB, £2,708.4.10. LAND: 3,942 acres in
Kent and Talbot counties, plus unspecified acre-
age in New Jersey.

CALDER, JAMES (ca. 1695-1755). BORN: ca.

1695. IMMIGRATED: ca. 1727. RESIDED. On lot 7,

Chestertown, Kent County. MARRIED Katherine
Murray. Her brother was Dr. William Murray, of
Dorchester County. CHILDREN. SONS: James (?-
1766), who married Mary; Alexander. DAUGH-
TERS Sarah, who married James Nichols, of Ches-
tertown, Kent County, lawyer; Ann. PRIVATE CA-
REER. EDUCATION trained as a lawyer. RELIGIOUS
AFFILIATION. Protestant. OCCUPATIONAL PRO-

183



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 183   View pdf image (33K)
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