stinate. John had lost all that his father had given
him, and then proceeded to bind his father as a
security with Hanbury & Co., merchants in Lon-
don, England, and others. John was so excessively
in debt that it was beyond the capacity of his fa-
ther to meet the obligations. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: in June 1800 in Washington County. PER-
SONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £1,972.18.1 specie (in-
cluding 13 oz. plate); FB, £1,558.6.3. LAND: none
found; lived on his brother's estate, "Mont Pe-
lier," Washington County.
BARNES, RICHARD (?-1804). NATIVE: second
generation. RESIDED: in Leonardtown, St. Mary's
County. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Abraham
Barnes (?-ca. 1778), who married first, Mary
Elizabeth King (1715-1739). MOTHER: Elizabeth,
daughter of John Rousby (1685-1744). AUNTS
Anne Rousby (1721-1769), who married Edward
Lloyd (171 1-1770); Gertrude Rousby, who mar-
ried Robert Jenkins Henry (ca. 1712-1766).
BROTHER: John Barnes (ca. 1743-1800). HALF
SISTER: Mary King. FIRST COUSINS: Edward Lloyd
(1744-1796); Elizabeth Lloyd (1741/42-?), who
married John Cadwalader (1741/42-1786);
Elizabeth Rousby, who married George Plater
(1735-1792). MARRIED probably never. CHILDREN.
Died without progeny. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCA-
TION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION. Anglican.
SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES. Gent., 1779;
Esq., 1783. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter. PUB-
LIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House,
St. Mary's County, 1773-1774 (Accounts 1, Cv);
Conventions, St. Mary's County, 3rd, 1774, 4th,
1775, 5th, 1775, 6th-8th, 1775-1776, 9th, 1776
(Loan Office); Lower House, St. Mary's County,
1777-1778 (Grievances 1-3), 1789; Senate, West-
ern Shore, Term of 1776-1781: 1778-1779 (elected
on November 20, 1778, to fill vacancy; qualified
on December 11, 1778), 1779-1780, 1780-1781,
Term of 1781-1786: 1781-1782, 1782-1783, 1783
(elected president on December 23, 1783, but de-
clined to accept), 1784, 1785, Term of 1786-1791:
1786 (declined to serve on November 30, 1786).
OTHER STATE OFFICE: Constitution Ratification
Convention, St. Mary's County, 1788. LOCAL OF-
FICES: justice, St. Mary's County, at least by
1772-1778 (quorum, at least by 1772-1778; "de-
sires to be left out," 1778); justice, Orphans'
Court, St. Mary's County, commissioned 1777,
commissioned 1778 ("desires to be left out" );
county lieutentant, St. Mary's County, appointed
1777; churchwarden, All Faith's Parish, St.
Mary's County, in office 1780-1781; All Faith's
Parish Vestry, St. Mary's County, in office 1786-
1790. MILITARY SERVICE, called colonel, by 1780.
STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES. Voted for
Federalist candidates in 1789 and 1790; in his will
he manumitted all of his slaves, numbering be-
tween 300 and 400, to be effective three years after
his death provided "they behave themselves."
WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROP-
ERTY: assessed value £2,633.0.0, including 40
slaves, Washington County, 1783; 209 slaves, St.
Mary's County, 1790; assessed value £5,846.18.9,
including 224 slaves and 284 oz. plate, Lower
Newton, St. George's, and St. Inigoes hundreds,
St. Mary's County, 1793; assessed value
£6,270.8.9, including 235 slaves and 316 oz. plate,
Lower Newton, St. George's, and St. Inigoes hun-
dreds, St. Mary's County, 1801; assessed value
£3,542.6.8, including 181 slaves and 8 oz. plate,
Washington County, 1804. LAND AT FIRST ELEC-
TION: 30 acres in Frederick County. SIGNIFICANT
CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION
AND DEATH: inherited 8,702 acres in St. Mary's
and Washington counties from his father, 1778;
patented 748 acres in St. Mary's and Washington
counties between 1784 and 1803. ADDITIONAL
COMMENTS. Barnes was his father's sole heir, 1778;
Barnes's brother John Barnes (ca. 1743-1800)
lived with him at "Mont Pelier" in Washington
County. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: on April 29,
1804, in Leonardtown, St. Mary's County. PER-
SONAL PROPERTY: requested no appraisal of his
estate. LAND: 9,427 acres in Washington and St.
Mary's counties. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: his
principal heir was his nephew John Thomson Ma-
BARTON, WILLIAM (ca. 1605-early 1680s).
BORN: ca. 1605, probably in England. IMMI-
GRATED: by 1654 as a free adult with his wife and
two children. RESIDED: in St. Mary's County; may
have moved to Charles County in the late 1660s.
CHILDREN. SON: William (?-1717), a justice of
Charles County from 1672 to 1696 and from 1704
to 1709, who married Margaret, widow of William
Hungerford and daughter of William Smoote.
DAUGHTER: Margaret. PRIVATE CAREER. RELI-
GIOUS AFFILIATION: Protestant. SOCIAL STATUS
AND ACTIVITIES: no title on arrival; Gent., by the
late 1650s. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: mariner;
planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE
Lower House, St. Mary's County, 1659/60 (elec-
tion voided), 1661. LOCAL OFFICES: justice, St.
Mary's and Potomac (St. Mary's County), 1655-
probably 1658 (quorum), St. Mary's County,
1658-1668 (quorum). STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRI-
VATE ISSUES: rewarded by Lord Baltimore in 1656