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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 115   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES BAR

all, Jr. (ca. 1723-1795), and Barbara Mackall,
who married William Wilkinson (?-1755). Her
nephew was Edward Lloyd (1744-1796). Her
nieces were Elizabeth Lloyd (1741/42-?), who
married John Cadwalader (1741/42-1786);
Elizabeth Rousby, who married George Plater
(1735-1792). CHILDREN. SONS: John Barnes (ca.
1743-1800); Richard Barnes (?-1804). DAUGHTER:
Mary King, who married Thomson Mason (1733-
1785), of Virginia, a lawyer and the brother of
George Mason (1725-1792), of "Gunston Hall,"
Virginia. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION, literate.
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, St. Andrew's
Church, St. Mary's County. SOCIAL STATUS AND
ACTIVITIES: Gent., 1747. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE
merchant, Leonardtown, St. Mary's County; land
speculator. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SER-
VICE: Lower House, St. Mary's County, 1745
(Bills of Credit), 1745/46-1748 (Bills of Credit 1-
3, 4), 1749-1751 (election voided on June 10,
1749; reelected to the 2nd session and seated; Bills
of Credit Cv-3), 1751-1754 (Bills of Credit 1-6);
Convention, St. Mary's County, 1st, 1774. ADDI-
TIONAL COMMENTS: Barnes, with other St. Mary's
County delegates, was dismissed in 1749 for being
improperly elected, having used a great quantity
of liquor to influence the electorate. LOCAL OF-
FICES: justice, St. Mary's County, 1739-at least
1755 (quorum, 1753-at least 1755); St. Andrew's
Parish Vestry, St. Mary's County, in office 1753-
1761, 1767-1770; churchwarden, St. Andrew's
Parish, St. Mary's County, elected 1770; trustee,
St. Mary's County Free School, in office 1772;
chairman, Committee of Observation, St. Mary's
County, elected ca. 1775; commissioner of tax, St.
Mary's County, appointed 1777. MILITARY SER-
VICE: major, by 1751; colonel, by 1756. OUT OF
COLONY SERVICE: Maryland delegate to the Al-
bany Congress, 1754. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRI-
VATE ISSUES: favored the proprietary party from
the beginning of his legislative career. WEALTH

DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION:
2,446 acres in St. Mary's County, 1753 (at least
1,086 acres by purchase or patent). SIGNIFICANT

CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION

AND DEATH: purchased or patented at least 697
acres in St. Mary's County between 1758 and
1774; sold 63 acres in St. Mary's County, 1795;
acquired 4,923 acres in Frederick County (later
became part of Washington County), by 1773.
WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: probably at Leonard-
town, St. Mary's County; will probated on Janu-
ary 13, 1778, in St. Mary's County. PERSONAL
PROPERTY: size of estate unknown. LAND: 8,702
acres in St. Mary's and Washington counties, plus

14 lots in Leonardtown, St. Mary's County, 1774.
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: In 1764 Abraham gave
his son John Barnes (ca. 1743-1800) enough goods
to go into trade. By 1773 John was deeply in debt,
caused, according to Abraham, by his being obsti-
nate and rejecting all his father's advice. Conse-
quently, Barnes left all of his estate to his other
son Richard Barnes (?-l 804).

BARNES, JOHN (ca. 1743-1800). BORN: ca.
1743, probably in St. Mary's County. NATIVE: sec-
ond generation. RESIDED: in St. Mary's County;
Washington County, 1777; lived at "Mont Pelier,"
Washington County, a tract belonging to his
brother Richard Barnes (?-1804), which Richard
formed from land inherited from his father. FAM-
ILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Abraham Barnes (?-
ca. 1778), who married first, Mary Elizabeth King
(1715-1739). MOTHER: Elizabeth, daughter of
John Rousby (1685-1744). AUNTS: Anne Rousby
(1721-1769), who married Edward Lloyd (\1\\-
1770); Gertrude Rousby, who married Robert Jen-
kins Henry (ca. 1712-1766). BROTHER: Richard
Barnes (?-1804). HALF SISTER: Mary King. FIRST
COUSINS: Edward Lloyd (1744-1796); Elizabeth
Lloyd (1741/42-?), who married John Cadwalader
(1741/42-1786); Elizabeth Rousby, who married
George Plater (17 35-17 '92). PRIVATE CAREER. EDU-
CATION literate. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES:
Esq., 1783. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: merchant, in
partnership with Thomas Howe Ridgate, of Port
Tobacco, Charles County, in the firm of Barnes &
Ridgate. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE:
Convention, St. Mary's County, 4th, 1775
(elected, but did not attend); Lower House, Wash-
ington County, 1777-1778 (Claims 2), 1778-1779
(Laws to Expire 2; Grievances 3), 1779-1780,
1780-1781 (elected to the 1st session to fill va-
cancy), 1781-1782, 1782-1783, 1795. LOCAL OF-
FICES: justice, Washington County, 1777-1800
(chief justice, 1791-1800); justice, Orphans' Court,
Washington County, 1778-at least 1785. MILI-
TARY SERVICE: called colonel at time of death.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROP-
ERTY: assessed value £163.6.8, including 20 oz.
plate, Washington County, 1783. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: no evidence of land found. ADDITIONAL
COMMENTS in 1764 his father gave John a suffi-
cient quantity of goods to begin in trade. By 1773
John was in a London jail for insolvency, his firm
of Barnes & Ridgate having gene bankrupt, and
his partner Thomas Howe Ridgate having fled
England. When John's father wrote his will in
June 1773 he left nothing more to John. Abraham
Barnes (?-ca. 1778) called his son careless and ob-
115



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 115   View pdf image (33K)
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