JOINT OBLIGATIONS AND JOINT TENANCY.
1. Death of joint obligor.
2. Institution of more than one suit.
3. Death of joint obligor before suit
4. Death pending joint action.
5. Death after judgment.
6. Joint obligors residing in different
8. Consolidation of actions.
9. Execution against either defendant.
10. Judgment against less than whole
number bound, effect of.
11. Executor and heirs bound.
12. Failure to prove joint liability; judg-
13. Must be expressly created.
An. Code, sec. 1. 1904, sec. 1. 1888, sec. 1. 1811, ch. 161, sec. 1.
1. Where two or more persons are jointly bound by bond, promissory
note or by any other writing, whether sealed or unsealed, to pay money or
do any other thing and one or more of such persons shall die, his or their
executors and heirs shall be bound in the same manner and to the same
extent as if the peraon so dying had been bound severally as well as jointly.
Since act of 1811, ch. 161, separate actions cannot be maintained on a joint
promissory note. Pike v. Dashiell, 7 H. & J. 467. (See sec. 2.)
This section referred to as a removal of technical grounds of discharge. Zollickoffer
v. Seth, 44 Md. 378.
See sec. 3.
An. Code, sec. 2. 1904, sec. 2. 1888, sec. 2. 1825, ch. 167, sec. 1. 1837, ch. 211. 1870, ch. 329.
2. No person shall institute more than one suit on a joint and several
bond, promissory note, penal or single bill when the persons executing the
same are alive and reside in the same county; and if more suits than one
be instituted on any such bond, promissory note, penal or single bill,
judgments of non pros, shall be entered against the plaintiff in such suits.
This section referred to in ruling that a joint and several note was admissible in
evidence in a suit against one of makers, there being no variance in such case.
Wilson v. Kelso, 115 Md. 169; Sharp v. State, 135 Md. 557.
Recovery may be had against one of obligors in a joint contract. If, however,
obligee elects to sue only one of obligors, he cannot afterwards sue another
residing in the same county on same instrument. (Citing 1 Poe, Pl. and Pr., sec.
382). Sharp v. State, 135 Md. 557. .
In view of art. 13, secs! 82, 48' and 87, this section does not apply to a suit against
an accommodation endorser. See notes to sec. 82 (art. 13). Bradley v. Food Products
Co., 139 Md. 387.
A motion for a non pros, under this section held properly overruled, the note in
question not being joint and several. See notes to art. 13, sec. 87. Leonard v. Union
Trust Co., 140 Md. 202.