LAWS of MARYLAND.
At a SESSION of the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of
MARYLAND, begun and held at the city of ANNAPOLIS,
on Friday the thirty-first of October, in
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred
and seventy-seven, and ended the 3d day of December:
The following laws were enacted.
THOMAS JOHNSON, Esq; Governor.
An ACT to punish certain crimes.
| BE it enacted,
by the general assembly of Maryland, That if any subject or
inhabitant of this state shall, within or without this state, and if any
shall, within this state, wilfully and maliciously burn or destroy, or
or conspire to burn or destroy, any magazine of provisions, or of military
or naval stores, belonging to this state, or the United States, or any
and if any person shall wilfully and maliciously burn or destroy, or attempt
conspire to burn or destroy, or shall wilfully betray, or voluntarily yield
or attempt or conspire to betray, yield or deliver, to the enemy, any vessel
to the United States, or to this or any other of the United States,
any subject of this or any other of the United States, and shall be thereof
in the general court of this state, or shall stand mute, or peremptorily
above the number twenty of the pannel, such person, his aider or abettor,
suffer death as a felon without benefit of clergy.
An ACT to continue an act for enlarging the powers of the governor
A Supplement to an act, entitled, An act to unite the free-schools
Charles, and Prince-George's counties.
The majority of any seven of the trustees
are empowered to transact any business which the whole before
this act might have done.
An ACT to procure cloathing for the quota of this state of the American
The situation of public affairs at
the time of passing this act, and several prior and subsequent acts of
nature similar to this, will not perhaps, in the opinion of posterity,
justify such measures. It will be natural
for men in the bosom of peace to view them as the arbitrary acts of tyranny
and oppression; but the
facility with which they were executed, the cheerfulness with which they
were submitted to, and the valuable
purposes which they answered, have evinced to us that they were equally
necessary, politic and wise.
By this act the governor and the council are required
to appoint an officer in each county, who is authorised
to choose any number of assistants, whose powers shall be extensive as
his own. His business
is to collect blankets and certain specified articles of cloathing, of
which the army are in extreme want.
This is to be done by purchasing at prices (not exceeding such as shall
be limited by the executive) to
be fixed either by agreement of the parties, or by the judgment of an appraiser,
to be chosen by the collector.
If the articles cannot be bought, the officer may seize them wherever he
can find them, provided
he shall think they may be spared by the proprietor; excepting, however,
blankets belonging to a tavern,
or a lodging house. He may even tender an oath, or affirmation, to
any person respecting such articles
in his possession, and upon a refusal of the party to take the oath, he
is, under the penalty of £. 5, to inform
his county court, and the offender is subjected to a fine of £. 500.
Any man appointed by the executive to this office, for
refusing or neglecting to act, is liable to a forfeiture
of £. 50. His allowance for his services is a commission of
7 1/2 per cent. and the reasonable expence
of conveying the articles to the order of the executive. He is not
to be furnished with money for
making purchases, but a certificate signed by him, or signed by his assistant
and countersigned by him, of
the purchase or seizure, and the value of the article, is to be discharged
by either treasurer, or discounted
by the sheriff out of the public assessment due by the grantee.
An ACT to enable the surviving visitors of Cæcil county free-school
to fill up the
vacancies for visitors in said school.
Such of them as are willing to act
shall, with all convenient speed, choose other visitors to make up
the number four. And, when duly qualified, these four may exercise
all the powers of visitors and free-schools.