The State Archives publishes the Maryland Manual every odd-numbered year and distributes copies
without charge to the public libraries, agencies of State and county government, all school libraries,
members of the General Assembly, and others as prescribed by law (Annotated Code of the Public Gen-
eral Laws of Maryland, State Government Article, sees. 9-1026, 9-1027). Additional copies are printed
for sale to the general public.
This edition marks a major reorganization of Maryland State government through legislation enacted
by the 1987 General Assembly. Although much of the Manual was revised prior to the last legislative
session, its contents reflect the most significant changes in government made by that session. These in-
clude a new Department of the Environment; reorganization of the Departments of Economic and
Community Development, and Employment and Training to form the Department of Economic and
Employment Development, and the Department of Housing and Community Development; and crea-
tion of an independent Juvenile Services Agency.
Since the last edition, several agencies have been restructured: the Department of Agriculture, the
Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, the Office for Handicapped Individuals, the Office on
Volunteerism, and the Governor's Office of Justice Assistance (formerly the Maryland Criminal Justice
Additional changes in government are noted on nearly every page of this Manual. For example, the
number of Executive Commissions that have concluded their work in the past two years is greater than
in any previous period.
While our main intent has been to document government structure, the reader will note other revi-
sions as well. This edition presents legislative election returns in an easy to read tabular format, thanks
to the ingenuity of Gregory Stiverson, Madeleine Hughes, and Renee Sander, and the patient word
processing of Lynne Browne, and Kirsten Smith. The text also provides TTY numbers, where available,
for the deaf and adds county executives to the Historical List of Principal Officers.
We are grateful to the many people who shared their knowledge and expertise to make this book pos-
sible. Special thanks are due to Mary Ann Saar, the Governor's Director of Operations and Appoint-
ments, and to Patricia E. Joyce of her staff for their always gracious assistance. Jane Nishida of the
Governor's Legislative Office provided guidance when it was most needed. Timely information was of-
fered by the staffs of the Office of the President of the Senate and of the Speaker of the House of Dele-
gates. F. Carvel Payne, Director of the Department of Legislative Reference, and Lynda C. Davis and
Sherry Little of his staff kindly reviewed legislative text. Anna Sakers and Ginger Lambros of the Gen-
eral Assembly Mail Room helped us communicate with a newly elected legislature. Almost daily for a
period of weeks we were aided by Roslyn P. Coldner, Chief of the Division of Appointments of the De-
partment of Health and Mental Hygiene. Jerry Doubroff and Sheiala R. Moskow of the Department of
Economic and Community Development, and Barbara Washington and Virginia Keamey of the De-
partment of Health and Mental Hygiene provided valuable assistance. Betty L. Thompson of the Dis-
trict Court thoughtfully kept us informed of changes in Court personnel. Margaret Lee, who retired this
year as Chief Clerk of the Governor's Executive Files, always offered aid. For this edition and many
editions past we remain indebted to her.
Our fine proofreaders, Patricia S. Shaffer and Ann J. Buckley, deserve particular praise, as do Renee
B. Sander, who worked with us briefly but enthusiastically, and James S. Hefelfinger of our Photo Lab
who photographed legislators.
This edition marks a new "home" for the Maryland Manual. In July 1986, the State Archives moved
into the new Hall of Records Building at 350 Rowe Boulevard, Annapolis. Extensive planning over sev-
eral years enabled the Archives to move Maryland records safely to the new building in "record" time.
The move was remarkable. It required not only years of preparation but incredible, prolonged physical
labor on the part of the Archives staff. While professional movers handled office furniture, archivists
and archival interns moved the collective memory of State government, literally tons of records, with-
out loss of the archives.